A Philosophical View

I enjoy looking at a variety of views on both theism and atheism. One argument that has intrigued me is the problem of evil which goes something like this:
Premise 1.) If God exists, then there would be no evil (immoral actions) in the world.
Premise 2.) There is (are) evil (immoral actions) in the world.
Conclusion: God does not exist.

This is a strong argument in favor of Atheism, however many would try to attack the first premise which we shall call (1). I have been thinking about how to defend (1) and have come up with a few things.
A.) Many claim god to be omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. However, if this were true then clearly such a powerful being would not allow evil to exist. If a theist were to claim that evil does exist AND God exists, then they would be going against the idea that god is all powerful, all knowing, and all good.
B.) Another claim against the problem of evil is that god created free beings that can make their own moral choices. This may be the case, but from a biblical account when god created the world he said that all things were good, therefore not evil; leaving evil to be unexplained. The existence of free beings would also contradict God’s will. For example if I were to break my leg, upon asking a theist why this happened they would reply “it was God’s will”. That leads to the following argument:
I.) If we are free beings, then God would not impose his will on us, so as to control us.
II.) God imposes his will on us.
III.) Therefore, we are controlled beings.
Conclusion: We are not free beings.
If God was controlling us, surely it follows that we would act in moral ways at all times, but we don’t.
C.) Evil is merely the absence of good. How can this be the case if everything God made was good? If we are not free beings, but controlled by a being that is only good there would not be the capacity to lack good.
These seem to be the best arguments I could think of at the time. I know there are many more arguments out there for and against the problem of evil, so please post them and I will do my best to address these issues!

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6 thoughts on “A Philosophical View

  1. Why argue against God? Why not argue FOR God?

    First argument: God is the Uncaused Cause and the Unmoved Mover of all of creation. IF He wasn’t, then one before Him must have been the Uncaused Cause. If He wasn’t, then the one before Him must have been the Uncaused Cause. Again, if He wasn’t, then the one before Him must have been the Uncaused Cause….ad infinitum. We know that there can not be this unending “do loop” without arriving at God. So, as pure logic would have it, we all know that there must be One God Who Caused all of creation to be. He is “I AM” and we are because He Is.

    • I do like many of the arguments for God, but it is not a popularity contest. Any kind of argument made for God does not bear the burden of proof. There is always a lack of evidence provided.

    • Nope. We don’t know there must be an uncaused first cause. We don’t know that there must be an unmoved mover.
      Read up on current cosmology.

  2. Pingback: God, Religion and Free Will | Letters from a Brazilian Middle Age Citizen

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  4. Reply: God is not Almighty in philosophical concept. If he would be absolutely almighty, there would be no space for free will, for sure. And- consequently – for evil. We would live like animals. We have power to choose God, or choose “lack of God”. When Genesis tells us about decision made by God during creation. i.w. “Let,s made a man simillar to Us”, it means, that man reach the “godness” by being “equipped” with free will. So the discussion on subject “why there is so bad in the world whan Almighty God is all Good” is related on six billions little free wills” living on this world right now. The very essence of human being is be equipped with this little “godness”.

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